By Denny Von Finn
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Extra resources for 4x4 Trucks
The FWD automobiles utilized the previously mentioned Dutch Spyker vehicle drive, but they differed by utilizing new ball joints in that part of the drive that provided for transmission of the engine power from the differential to the front, steered wheels of the car. These were by now constantvelocity joints. They were invented by one of the designers of the FWD vehicle—Otto Zachow. His joints, as opposed to the familiar single Hooke’s joints, and the ﬁrst Clarence Spyker joints, transmitted to the steered wheels of the car uniform rotation, this means that they were those ﬁrst constant-velocity joints, which were badly needed by car manufacturers for setting up mass production of all-wheel drive vehicles.
19b). S. army vehicle ﬂeet. At ﬁrst, it was called the ‘‘Mobile Bantam,’’ then ‘‘Willys MB,’’ and, ﬁnally, ‘‘Ford GPV’’ (Ford General Purpose Vehicle). During World War II, it was used, under the last name, as a light artillery towing tractor and staff car. 20). 19 4 Â 4 automobiles: (a) Kubelwagen with ‘‘pure’’ drive; (b) Ford GPV with classic drive; (c) GAZ-67 with classic drive. 20 First gas-turbine 4 Â 4 formula highway automobile—the T3 Rover (1947). highway car. Its gas-turbine engine was located in the back.
The differential separated the driving axles of the machine into two half axles with driving wheels, allowing each of them to roll along its own path. This reduced the loss of power incurred in the skidding of wheels when their traction with the road surface was sufﬁcient. The ﬁrst differentials were extremely simple. They divided into half the torque that became converted into the traction of the vehicle between the driving wheels of the axle. As a result of this, the torque to both driving wheels was that utilized by the wheel that had the poorer contact with the road surface.
4x4 Trucks by Denny Von Finn