By Roger Stenson Clark (auth.)
prospects of the excessive Commissioner concept with cautious scholarship and intelligent judgment. Mr. Clark wrote the 1st draft of this ebook below my supervision for the measure of health professional of the technological know-how of legislation at Columbia legislation university earlier than returning to soak up his occupation as a legislation instructor in his local New Zealand. i'm thrilled that his paintings, during this stronger and up-to-date model, is now being released. It fills a true desire, because it is the 1st publication in this vital topic. in this celebration it would be applicable so as to add a couple of reviews at the historical past of the excessive Commissioner thought. As Mr. Clark exhibits, I had anything to do with its "revival" within the usa executive through the remaining months of the Kennedy management. a number of info as to how this "revival" happened may possibly be priceless to scholars of diplomacy and foreign organization.
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Extra resources for A United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
4/89 at 16 (1948». , at 18: "There is no legal justification for the view, formally recorded in the Report of the Commission and confirmed by the Economic and Social Council, that it has no power to take action in the matter of violations of human rights brought before it. These bodies, and in particular the Commission on Human Rights, are not only entitled to take such action. , op. cit. supra note 29 at 319. , Supp. N. Doc. E/3290 (1959). 22 INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVITY of the substance of each communication, however addressed, which deals with the principles involved in the promotion of universal respect for, and observance of, human rights and to divulge the identity of the authors of such communications unless they indicate that they wish their names to remain confidential; (b) To compile before each session of the Commission a confidential list containing a brief indication of the substance of other communications concerning human rights, however addressed, and to furnish this list to members of the Commission in private meeting without divulging the identity of the authors of communications except in cases where the authors state that they have already divulged or intend to divulge their names or that they have no objection to their names being divulged; (c) To enable the members of the Commission, upon request, to consult the originals of communications dealing with the principles involved in the promotion of universal respect for, and observance of, human rights; (d) To inform the writers of all communications concerning human rights, however addressed, that their communications will be handled in accordance with this resolution, indicating that the Commission has no power to take any action in regard to any complaint concerning human rights; (e) To furnish each Member State concerned with a copy of any communication concerning human rights which refers explicitly to that State or to territories under its jurisdiction, without divulging the identity of the author, except as provided for in sub-paragraph (b) above; (f) To ask Governments sending replies to communications brought to their attention in accordance with sub-paragraph (e) whether they wish their replies to be presented to the Commission in summary form or in full.
6. Only limited use is made of NGO assistance and representations (this overlaps 4 and 5). 7. There is a meagre response to requests for periodic reports and ineffective techniques for dealing with those received. 8. 's human rights advisory services. 139 ECOSOC res. , Supp. N. Doc. E/4393 (1967). N. Doc. 4/968 (1968). CHAPTER 2 THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER PROPOSAL This Chapter discusses the origins and development of the present proposal. Not a great deal will be said at this stage about the attitudes of member states since this will be dealt with in some detail in Chapters 5 and 7.
As the former Head of the Secretariat Division on Human Rights 105 has explained: We found at the beginning that governments weren't interested in this kind of technical assistance. I suppose there was a psychological barrier; they may have thought that to ask for assistance from the United Nations in a matter like human rights might be interpreted as an admission that things were not as they should be .... One interesting side effect of this reluctance to appeal for assistance to the United Nations is that a number of Governments have sought the advice of NGOs like the International League for the Rights of Man and the International Commission of Jurists.
A United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights by Roger Stenson Clark (auth.)