By Brian Rapper, Caitriona McLeish
On the grounds that September eleven, governments and the general public at huge in lots of nations have raised severe issues approximately medical learn within the existence sciences that may inadvertently facilitate the improvement of organic or chemical guns. This cutting-edge quantity examines the total quantity of the problems and debates.Coverage contains an outline of modern medical achievements in virology, microbiology, immunology and genetic engineering so one can asking how they may facilitate the creation of guns of mass destruction via kingdom, sub-state or terrorist corporations. cognizance is given to what we've got and haven’t realized from the earlier. utilizing either educational research and reflections via practitioners, the publication examines the security-inspired governance regimes for the lifestyles sciences which are below improvement. finally the authors study what's required to shape a accomplished and viable “web of prevention” and spotlight the significance of encouraging discussions among teachers and coverage makers in regards to the governance of important yet almost certainly harmful study.
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Additional info for A Web of Prevention: Biological Weapons, Life Sciences and the Future Governance of Research
IAP, 2005) The security concerns about dual use research reflect a growing awareness that the rapid advances in knowledge and technology occurring in the life sciences that offer great potential benefits can, by accident, produce unexpected results or be misused to cause deliberate harm through bioterrorism or even biowarfare – for instance, biowarfare waged through ‘planned epidemics’. The life sciences tragically could become the death sciences. But how does one define what research should be done and what should be prohibited, or what research findings should be subjected to restrictions or restraints on communication?
3213 J&J A Web of Prevention 31/8/07 2:40 pm Page 19 Life Sciences or Death Sciences 19 The Committee on Advances in Technology and the Prevention of Their Application to Next Generation Biowarfare Threats in its report Globalization, Biosecurity and the Future of the Life Sciences (2006) says: … as with all scientific revolutions, there is a potential dark side to the advancing power and global spread of these and other technologies. For millennia, every major new technology has been used for hostile purposes, and most experts believe it naive to think that the extraordinary growth in the life sciences and its associated technologies might not similarly be exploited for destructive purposes.
Rather, the broadest possible range of people and institutions must be involved in ethics decision-making in relation to science in order for that decision-making to be ethically acceptable. Some of the ways in which we can engage people outside science, particularly the public, in setting values and ethical standards for the life sciences include the following: • • • • • • An ethics review of all research, as is now the norm, must be undertaken by ethics committees that have a very broad-based membership.
A Web of Prevention: Biological Weapons, Life Sciences and the Future Governance of Research by Brian Rapper, Caitriona McLeish