By Mitsuru Nagasawa
The Advances in Chemical Physics sequence presents the chemical physics box with a discussion board for severe, authoritative reviews of advances in each region of the self-discipline. This quantity explores subject matters from Thermodynamic homes of Polyelectrolyte recommendations to ion-binding of polyelectrolytes. The booklet features:
- The in basic terms sequence of volumes on hand that offers the leading edge of analysis in chemical physics
- Contributions from specialists during this box of research
- Representative cross-section of study that questions confirmed considering on chemical solutions
- An editorial framework that makes the e-book an outstanding complement to a complicated graduate classification in actual chemistry or chemical physics
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Extra info for Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 158: Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions
The classical Donnan membrane equilibrium theory clearly has features of concentrated solutions. Before discussing the theory, however, it may be useful to survey the features of the electrostatic free energy of polyelectrolyte solutions. THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF POLYELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS 31 S/A2 4 2 0 0 1 5 10 15 20 25 C/C* Figure 4. Plots of S∕A2 against C∕C∗ in semidilute region. The symbols are the same as in Figure 2. 25. (Reproduced with permission from Ref. . ) 30 S/A2 20 10 0 1 0 1 2 3 log (C/C*) Figure 5.
G. Overbeek, Rec. Trav. , 67, 761 (1948). M. Szwarc, M. Levy and R. McKovitch, J. Am. Chem. , 78, 2656 (1956). (a) T. Kitano, T. Fujimoto and M. Nagasawa, Macromolecules, 7, 719 (1974); (b) T. Kitano, M. Mitsumura, T. Fujimoto and M. , 8, 382 (1975). T. Kitano, T. Fujimoto and M. Nagasawa, Polym. , 9, 153 (1977). T. Fujimoto and M. Nagasawa, Polym. , 7, 397 (1975). T. Fujimoto, N. Ozaki and M. Nagasawa, J. Polym. Sci. Part A, 3, 2259 (1965). Y. Matsushita, H. Furuhashi, H. Choshi, I. Noda, M. Nagasawa, T.
If we return to eqs (81) and (86) to introduce the activity coefficient, we have the following equation. 3 (see Chapter “Ion-Binding”), we may be able to provide an explanation for the big discrepancy between theory and experiments. In the discussion on the Donnan membrane equilibrium, it is important to remember that the polyelectrolyte concentration is so high that the distribution of fixed charges may be assumed to be uniform. In 1946, Scatchard carefully developed a thermodynamic theory of Donnan membrane equilibrium .
Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 158: Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions by Mitsuru Nagasawa