By Gordon Marshall
What's the relation among social classification and social justice? this is often at the moment an issue of public in addition to educational curiosity. during this compelling new examine the authors assemble fresh advancements in normative brooding about social justice with new empirical findings approximately academic attainment and social mobility. the result's a path-breaking contribution to the research of sophistication and justice, person who may be of curiosity to sociologists and political theorists for future years.
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Extra resources for Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies
G. Sen (1995) and Cohen (1989). In contrast to the philosophical precision of such discussions, note that the sociological concept of socio-economic status, which is regularly used as the dependent variable (that which people attain) in status attainment research, has a bizarre history and referent. In the most widely used index of socio-economic status (that devised by O. D. Duncan), an occupation's socio-economic status is determined by a weighted combination (p. 35 ) of the average income and years of schooling characteristic of those in the occupation (though we are never told why), but the weights are derived as those that best fit perceptions of the occupational prestige attaching to people in certain specific occupations (for the details, see Duncan 1961).
1991). In any case, for present purposes it is sufficient to consider only a few of the principal arguments, since our interest is here circumscribed by our particular focus on the relationship between social class and social justice. More specifically, we will pursue the issue of social mobility in cross-national comparative perspective, only in so far as—and only because—some prominent earlier commentators have related these sorts of data directly to arguments about equality of opportunity and meritocratic selection.
In Britain, the conventional terminology is ‘Goldthorpe classes’, and at the risk of offending Goldthorpe's collaborators we have followed this usage throughout. ) For a diagrammatic representation of this account of the derivation of the class schema, see Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992a: fig. 1). See also Goldthorpe (1995a: 314–15), in which the following summary is offered: ‘In earlier work, I referred (following Lockwood) to market and work situation as being the two major components of class position, and sought to implement this view in the development of the class schema.
Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies by Gordon Marshall