Biotechnology

Download e-book for iPad: Agricultural Biotechnology: Strategies for National by National Research Council, Board on Agriculture, Committee

By National Research Council, Board on Agriculture, Committee on a National Strategy for Biotechnology in Agriculture

ISBN-10: 030903745X

ISBN-13: 9780309037457

ISBN-10: 0309078644

ISBN-13: 9780309078641

Biotechnology bargains large strength for making improvements to crop construction, animal agriculture, and bioprocessing. it may supply scientists with new how you can strengthen higher-yielding and extra nutritious crop forms, to enhance resistance to affliction, or to minimize the necessity for inputs of fertilizers and different dear agricultural chemical substances. This booklet explores the us' skill to resolve very important agricultural difficulties, successfully use cash and institutional buildings to aid biotechnology study for agriculture, teach researchers in new medical parts, successfully move know-how, and control and try recombinant DNA organisms within the box.

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Extra info for Agricultural Biotechnology: Strategies for National Competitiveness

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Compare the average milk yield of dairy cows in the United States today with that of herds 30 years ago: Today half the number of cows are producing the same amount of milk while consuming onethird less feed. This success is mainly the result of controlled breeding efforts, together with improved feeding and other management practices. Increased understanding of reproductive biology and the genetic basis of traits has given breeders new tools to accomplish these goals. Artificial insemination has revolutionized animal breeding.

Some transgenic plants appeared to be completely resistant to the TMV virus. Tests show that virus resistance introduced by recombinant DNA technology can be transmitted through seed as a simple Mendelian trait and can thus be transmitted by conventional breeding techniques. Looking to the Future Little is known about the specific genetic and biochemical associations among microorganisms, plants, and the environment, thus many examples of potential changes beneficial to agriculture are still speculative.

This task is made easier with restriction enzymes that can cut complex, double-stranded macromolecules of DNA into manageable pieces. A restriction enzyme recognizes a unique sequence in the DNA, where it snips the strands. By using a series of different restriction enzymes, an organism's genomic DNA can be reduced to lengths equivalent to one or several genes. These smaller segments can be sorted and then cloned to produce a quantity of genetic material for further analysis. The collection of DNA segments from one genotype —a gene library—can be searched to locate a desired gene.

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Agricultural Biotechnology: Strategies for National Competitiveness by National Research Council, Board on Agriculture, Committee on a National Strategy for Biotechnology in Agriculture


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