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Extra info for Agricultural Policies in Emerging Economies 2009: Monitoring and Evaluation
There are two aspects to the programme. First, it ensures that farmers receive a guaranteed price (based on the average regional production cost) for their product in the event of either a credit transaction amortisation or liquidation. The objective is to reduce the risk of indebtedness and capital impairment, thereby fostering an increase in production and income. Second, it provides a bonus to farmers if the state average market price for a commodity falls 10% below the guaranteed price. The cap limit for this bonus is BRL 3 500 (USD 1 800) per beneficiary for each crop.
3 ● A number of countries have responded to the food price crisis by increasing input subsidies, particularly for fertiliser, to stimulate production. While prices for energy based inputs have certainly increased, great care needs to be exercised in the delivery of these policies. In particular, it may be sensible to make such increases in subsidies time bound, or closely linked to international prices so that they are reduced if prices come back down. Further, appropriate regulations and extension services need to be provided and enforced to ensure that the increased use of chemical inputs does not lead to further environmental damage.
A. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. : not available. 1. Data come from the most recent national Consumer Expenditure Survey (POF in Portuguese) which is dated 2002-03. 2. 9 million hectares in woods and forest. 1787/531831754786 Source: IBGE, 2008; IMF, International Financial Statistics, 2008; MDICALICE, 2008; PNAD, 2008; UN, UN Comtrade Database, 2008; World Bank, World Development Indicators, 2008. 4. 1787/530124026828 AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN EMERGING ECONOMIES 2009: MONITORING AND EVALUATION – ISBN 978-92-64-05927-6 – © OECD 2009 nl y u le O D Br o Main policy objectives and instruments w n Policy developments _it E d it 2.
Agricultural Policies in Emerging Economies 2009: Monitoring and Evaluation by OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development